QUOTES BY CESARE BECCARIA

“False is the idea of utility that sacrifices a thousand real advantages for one imaginary or trifling inconvenience.”

“Every punishment which does not arise from absolute necessity is tyrannical.”

“The punishment should be proportionate to the crime; the punishment should be public, prompt, necessary, the least possible in the given circumstances.”

“The difficulty lies not so much in developing new ideas as in escaping from old ones.”

“Liberty is the right to do everything that does not harm another person: thus, the exercise of the natural rights of every individual has no limits except those which assure to other members of society the enjoyment of the same rights.”

“The laws that forbid the carrying of arms… disarm only those who are neither inclined nor determined to commit crimes.”

“A punishment, to be just, should have only that degree of severity which is sufficient to deter others.”

“Laws that forbid the carrying of arms disarm only those who are neither inclined nor determined to commit crimes.”

“Happy are those few nations who combine the politicians and philosophers into one person.”

“Public utility is the supreme law in all matters connected with the administration of justice.”

“False opinions are like false money, struck first of all by guilty men and thereafter circulated by honest people who perpetuate the crime without knowing what they are doing.”

“The laws of this nature are those which forbid to wear arms, disarming those only who are not disposed to commit the crime which the laws mean to prevent.”

“The most certain way to ensure the existence of laws is to make them the fewest possible, and therefore the most applauded the most respected.”

“The science of the legislator and the true artist in the field of law discover the harmony of natural and positive law – the exact point where they coincide, but no further.”

“It is better to prevent crimes than to punish them.”

“The spirit of moderation should also be the spirit of laws.”

“Gentleness contributes infinitely more to the spread of virtue than severity.”

“It is better to prevent crimes than to punish them with too much severity.”

“Liberty is not absolute license, nor is it to be confused with living as we please.”

“Every act of authority of one man over another, for which there is not an absolute necessity, is tyrannical.”

“The end of punishment cannot be otherwise than to prevent the criminal from doing further injury to society and to prevent others from committing the like offense.”

“Love truth, but pardon error.”

“The punishment of a guilty man is only useful as it checks others from committing similar crimes.”

“There is no greater tyranny than that which is perpetrated under the shield of the law and in the name of justice.”

“Ignorance is the mother of tyranny.”

“The surest way to prevent war is not to fear it.”

“Punishments are to be proportioned to the evil of the crime.”

“The legislator occupies in every respect an extraordinary position in the country.”

“A wise man will make laws to prevent the abuse of laws.”

“The essence of legality is knowledge of the law.”